Xipe Projects 

Major Publications

Markman, Peter T. and Roberta Markman. The Flayed God: The Mythology of Mesoamerica. Harper Collins, SanFrancisco: 1992. Print.

*Markman, Peter T., Roberta and others. Joseph Campbell: Transformations of Myth   Through Time - A Study Guide. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1990. Print.

*Markman, Peter T. and Roberta Markman. Joseph Campbell: Transformations of Myth Through Time - An Anthology of Readings. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc. 1990. Print.
*These publications were designed to accompany the PBS television course. The Markmans co-authored five chapters including:"The Hero's Journey: The World of Joseph Campbell," "In the Begining: Origins of Man and Myth," "Where People Lived Legends: American Indian Myths," "Gods and Goddesses of the Neolithic Period," and "Egypt, the Exodus and the Myth of Osiris." Other authors of the volume include George deForest Lord (Yale University), Robert Merrill (The Catholic University) and Charles S.J. White (The American University).
Markman, Peter and Roberta Markman. Masks of the Spirit: Image and Metaphor in Mesoamerica. University of California Press, Los Angeles: 1989. Print.

Selected Articles, Presentations, and Exhibitions

Markman, Peter T. "Huya Aniya." Persistence of the Flower World. Xipe Projects and Indie Printing. Los Angeles: 2012. pp. 2. (Exhibition Catalogue). Print.

Heney, Alison L. "Beyond the Mask: The Fantastic in Latin America." Visions of the Fantastic. Xipe Projects and Indie Printing. Los Angeles: 2012. pp. 2. (Exhibition Catalogue). Print. 

Markman, Peter T. "The Metaphor of the Mask." Danzas y Mascaras: The Masked Dance Tradition of Mexico and Guatemala. Xipe Projects and Indie Printing. Los Angeles: 2012. pp.4. (Exhibition Catalogue). Print.  

Heney, Alison L. "Performance Today." Danzas y Mascaras: The Masked Dance Tradition of Mexico and Guatemala. Xipe Projects and Indie Printing. Los Angeles: 2012. pp.47. (Exhibition Catalogue). Print.  

Markman, Peter T. "The Question of Authenticity." Mask Symposium, Glendale Convention Center, CA: October 2011. Presentation.

Heney, Alison L. “Translation and the Folklore of Guatemala.” Invisible Presences: Translation, Dramaturgy and Performance. Drama and Film Centre at Queen's University. Belfast, UK: April 2011. Presentation.

Heney, Alison L. “The Ghosts of Latin America.” Panel Organizer. ACLA. Long Beach: April 2008. Presentation.

Heney, Alison L. “Archive and Imagination: Masked Performance in Santa Lucía, Guatemala.” ACLA. Puebla, Mexico: April 2007. Presentation. 

Heney, Alison L. “Victor Turner and the Folk Drama of Guatemala.” PCA-ACA. Boston: April 2007. Presentation. 
Markman, Peter T. "The Persistence of the Flower World: The Yaqui Deer Dancer." genre: Postcolonialism: The Dislocation of Culture. Vol. 22. Journal of Comparative Literature: CSULB, 2001. pp. 104. Print.

Markman, Peter T. and Roberta Markman. "Mascaras: La Otra Cara," trans. Rosa Rivera Alarcon. T.I.P.S. (Mexico City), 1982. pp. 14. Print.

Markman, Peter T. and Roberta Markman. "Mascaras: Dos Caras Son Una," trans. Rosa Rivera Alarcon. T.I.P.S. (Mexico City), 1982. pp. 15. Print.

Markman, Peter T. and Roberta Markman. "Mascaras: Las Caras Miticas," trans. Rosa Rivera Alarcon. T.I.P.S. (Mexico City), 1982. pp. 16. Print.

                                  Further Reading - Annotated Bibliography

Arellano, Lee Price. Herón Martínez Mendoza, an Extraordinary Mexican Potter: A Collector’s Site. http://heronmartinez.com.
This website is the single most important source of information regarding Herón Martínez.

El Arte de la Familia Castillo: Ecos Desde un Vientre de Barro. San Miguel de Allende: Indigo, 2005.

Artes de México. Arte Popular y Artesanias de México. Special edition, 1963.
This issue has as its frontispiece one of the earliest published pictures of a tree of life, an Aurelio Flores sahumeria from Izucar de Matamoros.

---. El Arte Popular de México. Special edition, 1970-71.

Artesanos y Artesanias del Estado de México 1972. Toluca: Direccíon de Promocíon Industrial, Comercial y Artesanal del Gobierno del Estado de México, 1972.

Los Artesanos nos Dijeron … . México: Fondo Nacional para Actividades Sociales/Fondo Nacional para el Fomento de las Artesanías, 1981.

Benitez, Fernando. Los indios de Mexico. Vol. III. Mexico, D.F.: Biblioteca era, 1970.
Book ii of this work contains a lengthy, sensitive, and richly illustrated account of Nayarit that focuses on the Cora.

Bennett, Wendell C. and Robert M. Zingg. The Tarahumara: An Indian Tribe of Northern Mexico. Glorieta, New Mexico: The Rio Grande Press, 1976.
Originally published in 1935, this remains the most complete study of the Tarahumara. this reprint edition contains 375 new (as of 1976) color photographs and two essays containing updated information.

Bestiario y Delirios de Pedro Linares. Mexico, D.F.: XIX Festival Internacional Cervantino, 1991. Exhibition Catalogue.

Brown, Joel E. and Giorgio Rossilli. Masks of Guatemalan Traditional Dances. 2 vols. Long Boat Key, FL: Joel E. Brown,2008.

Carmichael, Elizabeth and Chloe Sayer.
The Skeleton at the Feast: The Day of the Dead in Mexico. Austin University of Texas Press, 1991.

Cassin, Erin and Kinich Ramirez. Mexico Family Roots: The Soteno Trees of Life. http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/1282-family-roots-the-soteno-trees-of- life.

Caswell, James and Jenise Amanda Ramos, eds.
Saints and Sinners: Mexican Devotional Art. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 2006.

Chávez Maya, Marco Aurelio and Saúlo Camacho Rodríguez.
Historia de la Alfarería en Metepec. Toluca: Instituto Mexiquense de Cultura.

La Colección de Arte Popular del Museo Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo
. México: Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes/Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera y Frida Kahlo, 2009.
Among the works collected by Diego and Frida and illustrated and discussed here are an early Tree of Life from Izucar de Matamoros, numerous ceramic pieces from Metepec, many of them by Modesta Fernández, and a charming Carousel made by Herón Martínez in Acatlan.

Cordry, Donald.
Mexican Masks. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1980.
One must be very careful with this book since well over half the masks illustrated were never meant to be used in dances despite the fact that Cordry says they were, giving fabricated makers and dances. The masks were created, artificially aged and patinated to be sold to collectors and museums as “the real thing.”

Crumrine, N. Ross.
The Mayo Indians of Sonora: A People who refuse to Die. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1977.
This book contains the results of Crumrine’s extensive field work among the Mayo. He pays special attention to religion and ritual.

Durán, Fray Diego.
Book of the Gods and Rites and The Ancient Calendar. Trans. And ed. Fernando Horcasitas and Doris Heyden. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.

Espejel, Carlos.
Céramica Popular Mexicana. México: Editorial Blume, 1975.

Esser, Janet Brody, ed.
Behind the Mask in Mexico. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1988.
The essay by Ruth Lechuga is particularly useful in its discussion of the artificially aged and patinated masks produced in the state of Guerrero in the ‘70’s and ‘80’s.

Faces of Fiesta: Mexican Masks in Context. San Diego: San Diego State Syllabus Service, 1981.

Evers, Larry and Felipe S. Molina.
Yaqui Deer Songs: Maso Bwikam. Tucson: Sun Tracks and The University of Arizona Press, 1987.
This book is the result of a sensitive collaboration between evers, and anglo academic, and Molina, a yaqui steeped in the deer dance tradition. It's focus on the mythic deer song cycle is especially compelling.

Fontana, Bernard L., Edmond J. B. Faubert and Barney T. Burns.
The Other Southwest: Indian Arts and Crafts of Northwestern Mexico. Phoenix, Arizona: The Heard Museum, 1977.
This is the carefully researched and documented catalogue of a landmark exhibition at the Heard Museum.

Frost, Gordon.
Guatemalan Mask Imagery. Los Angeles: Southwest Museum.

Great Masters of Mexican Folk Art
. México: Fomento Cultural Banamex, A.C., 1998.

Griffith, James S. and Felipe S. Molina. Old Men of the Fiesta: An Introduction to the Pascola Arts. Phoenix, Arizona: The Heard Museum, 1980.
The foremost academic expert who has done extensive field work among the Mayo and Yaqui and a Yaqui whose family has been involved in the pascola tradition for generations.

The James S. Griffith Collection of Mayo and Yoeme Pascola Masks. http://www.statemuseum.arizona.edu/exhibits/pas- colamasks/index.shtml.
An illustrated survey of Griffith’s work among the Mayo and of his collection of masks, particularly valuable for his identification of carvers and dancers.

Grove, Richard. Mexican Popular Arts Today. Colorado Springs: The Taylor Museum, 1954. Exhibition Catalogue. 
This catalogue has an early picture of a Metepec Tree of Life.

Hall, Debra. Tiburcio Soteno, Genius in Clay. http://www.zocalotx.com/tiburcio.htm.

---. The Tree of Life in the Great Flores Tradition: Francisco Flores.

Huitrón, Antonio. Metepec: Miseria y Grandeza del Barro. Toluca: Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, 2nd ed., 1999.

Kolaz, Thomas M., “Faces of Change: Tarahumara Chapeon Masks in the Collections of the Arizona State Museum.”
American Indian Art. Spring 1996: 36-47, 89.
This is one of the most comprehensive treatment of Tarahumara chapeon masks in print.

La Muerte: Expresiones Mexicanas de un Enigma
. Museo Universitario UNAM, Noviembre de 1974 - Abril de 1975. (Exhibition Catalogue).

La Tierra y el Paraíso: Máscaras Mexicanas
. Foundation Europalia International, 1993.
This is the most complete documentation of the masks in the Museo Rafael Coronel in Zacatecas. Some of the masks are misidentified, but there are many wonderful masks here.

Lackey, Louanna M.
The Pottery of Acatlán: A Changing Mexican Tradition. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.

Lechuga, Ruth.
Máscaras Tradicionales de México. México, D.F.: BANOBRAS, 1991.

Living Traditions: Mexican Popular Arts. Albany: University at Albany, State University of New York, 1992. Exhibition Catalogue.

 Lumholtz, Carl.
Unknown Mexico: explorations and Adventures among the Tarahumare, Tepehuane, Cora, Huichol, Tarasco and Aztec Indians. 2 vols. Glorieta, New Mexico: The Rio Grande Press, 1973.
Originally published in 1902, this is the invaluable record of Lumholtz’s investigations from 1890 to 1898. this lovingly crafted reprint edition contains new(as of 1973)color photographs.

Luján Muñoz, Luis.
Máscaras y Morerías de Guatemala. Guatemala: Museo Popol Vuh, 1987.

Mauldin, Barbara. Masks of Mexico: Tigers, Devils, and the Dance of Life. Santa Fe, Museum of New Mexico Press, 1999.
This is a very useful book.

Máscaras Méxicanas de la Colleción del Ing, Victor Jose Moya
. México, D.F.: INAH, 1974.
This is the most useful documentation of the Moya collection.

Mendez, Leopoldo and Marianne Yampolsky, eds.
The Ephemeral and the Eternal of Mexican Folk Art. 2 vols. México: Fondo Editorial de la Plástica Mexicana, 1971.

Metepec: Alma de Barro. Metepec: Centro Cultural Isidro Fabela, Museo Casa del Risco, 2010.

Metepec y su Arte en Barro. Artes de México, Número 30, 1995-1996.

Mexican Arts. Portland, Maine: The Southward Press, 1930. Exhibition Catalogue. According to Lenore Mulryan, this exhibition catalogue has the earliest published picture of a Tree of Life.

Mompradé, Electra and Tonatiúh Gutiérrez.
Historia General de Arte Mexicana: Danzas y Bailes Populares. México, D.F.:Editorial Hermes, 1976.

Mulryan, Lenore Hoag. Ceramic Trees of Life: Popular Art from Mexico. Los Angeles: UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 2003.
This is a very important source for one wishing to understand the development of the Tree of Life in Mexico.

---. Mexican Figural Ceramists and Their Works. Los Angeles: UCLA Museum of Cultural History, 1982. Monograph Series No. 16.

Nájera-Ramírez Olga, Norma E. Cantú and Brenda M. Romero, eds.
Dancing across Borders: Danzas y Bailes Mexicanos. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
The Nelson A. Rockefeller Collection of Mexican Folk Art
. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1986.

Oettinger, Marion.
Dancing Faces: Mexican Masks in a Cultural Context. Meridian House International, 1985.

Folk Treasures of Mexico: The Nelson A Rockefeller Collection. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1990.

de Orellana, Margarita and Alberto Ruy-Sánchez, eds.
The Crafts of Mexico. Washington DC: Smithsonian Books, 2004.

Ogazón Sanchez, Estela.
La Muerte en las Danzas Mexicanas. México, D.F.: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitano, 2005.

Máscaras. México, D.F.: UNAM, 1981.
This book and the one above document, to some extent, the extensive collection of masks of Jaled Muyaes and Estela Ogazón.

Paz, Octavio. The Labyrinth of Solitude and Other Writings. Lysander Kemp, Trans. New York: Grove Press, 1985.

Pennington, Campbell W. “Northern Tepehuan.” Handbook of North American Indians.
Vol. X, Southwest. washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1983. 306-314.

The Tepehuan of Chihuahua: Their Material Culture. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1969.
Pennington’s work is still the standard work on the Tepehuan.

Pieper, Jim.
Guatemala's Folk Saints. Los Angeles: Pieper and Associates, 2002.

Pieper, Jim. Guatemala’s Masks and Drama. Los Angeles: Pieper and Associates, 2006.

Singing Earth: Mexican Ceramic
. México: Bancomext, 1993.
Beautiful pictures, strikingly presented.

Spicer, Edward H.
The Yaquis: A Cultural History
. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1980.
This is still an extremely valuable resource.

Trees of Life from the Daniel Collection of Mexican Folk Art. San Jose, California: San Jose Museum of Art, 1984. Exhibition Catalogue.

Turner, Victor. The Anthropology of Performance. New York: PAJ Publications, 1986.

Special Note:
A number of volumes of the journal Artes de Mexico published in D.F. contain useful information about masks and dances.

   Among them are:

    Extraordinario Old#? (1971)
El Arte Popular de México Old #72 (1972)
La Sierra de Puebla New #77 (2005)
Máscaras de Carnaval New #100 (2011) 
Los Otros Rostros de México


Do you have a suggestion for further reading? Please contact us via email!

For information on how to purchase either 
The Flayed GodMasks of the Spirit, or a copy of the most recent exhibition catalogue, please contact us at staff@xipeprojects.com

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